UNCRPD

BRIEF STATEMENT OF THE MAIN POINTS OF THE CONVENTION ON THE RIGHTS OF PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES (CRPD)


The Preamble to the convention talks about the importance of promoting and protecting the human rights of all persons with disabilities. Like other
international Human Rights instruments this convention also recalls the basic principles of the United Nations and specific provisions to certain
relevant human rights treaties and proclamations. Amongst other issues, the Preamble also addresses

importance of mainstreaming disability as an integral part of sustainable development, importance of adopting a gender perspective, and the need to pay
specific attention to the women and girls with disabilities who are at risk within and outside the Homes, children with disabilities, and indigenous
persons with disabilities.

The Preamble to the convention is positive in stating that the convention will make a significant contribution to redressing the profound social
disadvantages of persons with disabilities and promote their participation in the civil, political, economic, social and cultural spheres with equal
opportunities, in both developing and developed countries

The CRPD has 50 Articles that can be bifurcated into 5 sections, which are as follows:

1. Introductory articles (Articles 1 & 2)

a.
Purpose

b.
Definition

2. Articles of general application (Articles 3-9)

a. General principles

b. General obligations

c. Equality and non-discrimination

d. Women with disabilities

e. Children with disabilities

f. Awareness-raising

g. Accessibility

3. Specific articles (Articles 10-30)

a. Right to life

b. Situations of risk and humanitarian emergencies

c. Equal recognition before the law

d. Access to justice

e. Liberty and security of the person

f. Freedom from torture or cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment

g. Freedom from exploitation, violence and abuse

h. Protecting the integrity of the person

i. Liberty of movement and nationality

j. Living independently and being included in the community

k. Personal mobility

l. Freedom of expression and opinion, and access to information

m. Respect for privacy

n. Respect for the home and the family

o. Education

p. Health

q. Habilitation and rehabilitation

r. Work and employment

s. Adequate standard of living and social protection

t. Participation in political and public life

u. Participation in cultural life, recreation, leisure and sport

4. Implementation and monitoring measures (Articles 31-40)

a. Statistics and data collection

b. International cooperation

c. National implementation and monitoring

d. treaty monitoring body

e. Conference of States Parties

5. Final articles (Articles 41-50)